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Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭1‬-‭3

“These are the words that Moses spoke to all Israel beyond the Jordan in the wilderness, in the Arabah opposite Suph, between Paran and Tophel, Laban, Hazeroth, and Dizahab. It is eleven days’ journey from Horeb by the way of Mount Seir to Kadesh-barnea. In the fortieth year, on the first day of the eleventh month, Moses spoke to the people of Israel according to all that the LORD had given him in commandment to them,”

‭‭Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭1‬-‭3


These are the words that Moses spoke to all Israel beyond the Jordan in the wilderness, in the Arabah opposite Suph,


Arabah H6160: From עָרַב H6150 (in the sense of sterility); a desert ; especially (with the article prefixed) the (generally) sterile valley of the Jordan and its continuation to the Red Sea: - Arabah, champaign, desert, evening, heaven, plain, wilderness. H6150: A primitive root (rather identical with עָרַב H6148 through the idea of covering with a texture); to grow dusky at sundown: - be darkened, (toward) evening.


““Sing, O barren one, who did not bear; break forth into singing and cry aloud, you who have not been in labor! For the children of the desolate one will be more than the children of her who is married,” says the LORD.”

‭‭Isaiah‬ ‭54‬:‭1‬


“I will give you the treasures of darkness and the hoards in secret places, that you may know that it is I, the LORD, the God of Israel, who call you by your name.”

‭‭Isaiah‬ ‭45‬:‭3‬



Suph H5489: For סוּף H5488 (by ellipsis of יָם H3220); the Reed (Sea): - Red sea. H5488: Probably of Egyptian origin; a reed, especially the papyrus : - flag. Red [sea], weed. H3220: From an unused root meaning to roar ; a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article) the Mediterranean; sometimes a large river, or an artificial basin ; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south.


“What I tell you in the dark, say in the light, and what you hear whispered, proclaim on the housetops.”

‭‭Matthew‬ ‭10‬:‭27‬



between Paran and Tophel, Laban, Hazeroth, and Dizahab.


Paran H6290: From פָּאַר H6286; ornamental. H6286: A primitive root; to gleam, that is, (causatively) embellish ; figuratively to boast ; also to explain (that is, make clear) oneself; denominatively from פְּאֹרָה H6288, to shake a tree. BDB Lexicon:

Paran = "place of caverns"


SongofSongs 3:4 Scarcely had I passed them when I found him whom my soul loves. I held him, and would not let him go until I had brought him into my mother's house, and into the chamber of her who conceived me.



Tophel H8603: From the same as תָּפֵל H8602; quagmire. H8602: From an unused root meaning to smear ; plaster (as gummy) or slime ; (figuratively) frivolity. BDB Lexicon:

Tophel = "white"


Laban H3837: The same as לָבָן H3836: From לָבַן H3835; white.


1 John 1:7 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus his Son cleanses us from all sin.


1 Peter 1:16 since it is written, "You shall be holy, for I am holy."



Hazeroth H2698: Feminine plural of חָצֵר H2691; yards. H2691: From חָצַר H2690 in its original sense; a yard (as inclosed by a fence); also a hamlet (as similarly surrounded with walls). BDB Lexicon:

Hazeroth = "settlement"


Isaiah 57:15 For thus says the One who is high and lifted up, who inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy:"I dwell in the high and holy place, and also with him who is of a contrite and lowly spirit, to revive the spirit of the lowly, and to revive the heart of the contrite.



Dizahab H1774: As if from דִּי H1768 and זָהָב H2091; of gold. BDB Lexicon:

Dizahab = "enough gold"


Psalm 68:13 though you men lie among the sheepfolds— the wings of a dove covered with silver, its pinions with shimmering gold.



It is eleven days’ journey from Horeb by the way of Mount Seir to Kadesh-barnea.


Luke 24:13 That same day two of Jesus’ followers were walking to the village of Emmaus, seven miles(Greek 60 stadia [11.1 kilometers].) from Jerusalem. (NLT)


Horeb H2722: From חָרַב H2717; desolate. H2717: A primitive root; to parch (through drought), that is, (by analogy) to desolate, destroy, kill. BDB Lexicon:

Horeb = "desert"


Exodus 3:1 … and came to Horeb, the mountain of God.


Deuteronomy 5:2 The LORD our God made a covenant with us in Horeb.


Exodus 33:6 Therefore the people of Israel stripped themselves of their ornaments, from Mount Horeb onward.


Deuteronomy 4:24 For the LORD your God is a consuming fire, a jealous God.



Seir H8165: Formed like שָׂעִיר H8163; rough ; Seir, a mountain of Idumaea and its aboriginal occupants, also one in Palestine. H8163: From שָׂעַר H8175; shaggy ; as noun, a he goat ; by analogy a faun. BDB Lexicon:

Seir = "hairy" or " shaggy"


Genesis 25:25 The first came out red, all his body like a hairy cloak, so they called his name Esau.


Genesis 36:8 So Esau settled in the hill country of Seir. (Esau is Edom.)


Deuteronomy 2:1 …And for many days we traveled around Mount Seir.


Ezekiel 35:2 "Son of man, set your face against Mount Seir, and prophesy against it,35:3 and say to it, Thus says the LORD God: Behold, I am against you, Mount Seir, and I will stretch out my hand against you, and I will make you a desolation and a waste.



Kadesh-barnea H6947: From the same as קָדֵשׁ H6946 and an otherwise unused word (apparently compounded of a correspondent to בַּר H1251 and a derivative of נוּעַ H5128) meaning desert of a fugitive ; Kadesh of (the) Wilderness of Wandering ; Kadesh-Barnea, a place in the Desert. H6946: The same as קָדֵשׁ H6945; sanctuary. BDB Lexicon:

Kadesh-barnea = "holy"


Psalm 29:8 The voice of the LORD shakes the wilderness; the LORD shakes the wilderness of Kadesh.


Daniel 4:31 While the words were still in the king's mouth, there fell a voice from heaven, "O King Nebuchadnezzar, to you it is spoken: The kingdom has departed from you,4:32 and you shall be driven from among men, and your dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field. And you shall be made to eat grass like an ox, and seven periods of time shall pass over you, until you know that the Most High rules the kingdom of men and gives it to whom he will."4:33 Immediately the word was fulfilled against Nebuchadnezzar. He was driven from among men and ate grass like an ox, and his body was wet with the dew of heaven till his hair grew as long as eagles' feathers, and his nails were like birds' claws.4:34 At the end of the days I, Nebuchadnezzar, lifted my eyes to heaven, and my reason returned to me, and I blessed the Most High, and praised and honored him who lives forever, for his dominion is an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom endures from generation to generation;



It is eleven days’ journey


Isaiah 35:8 And a highway shall be there, and it shall be called the Way of Holiness; the unclean shall not pass over it. It shall belong to those who walk on the way; even if they are fools, they shall not go astray.


Psalm 39:5 Behold, you have made my days a few handbreadths, and my lifetime is as nothing before you. Surely all mankind stands as a mere breath! Selah


Psalm 90:10 The years of our life are seventy, or even by reason of strength eighty; yet their span is but toil and trouble; they are soon gone, and we fly away.



In the fortieth year, on the first day of the eleventh month, Moses spoke to the people of Israel according to all that the LORD had given him in commandment to them,


Exodus 16:35 The people of Israel ate the manna forty years, till they came to a habitable land. They ate the manna till they came to the border of the land of Canaan.


Numbers 32:13 And the LORD's anger was kindled against Israel, and he made them wander in the wilderness forty years, until all the generation that had done evil in the sight of the LORD was gone.


Deuteronomy 8:2 And you shall remember the whole way that the LORD your God has led you these forty years in the wilderness, that he might humble you, testing you to know what was in your heart, whether you would keep his commandments or not.


Ezekiel 26:1 In the eleventh year, on the first day of the month, the word of the LORD came to me:26:2 "Son of man, because Tyre said concerning Jerusalem, 'Aha, the gate of the peoples is broken; it has swung open to me. I shall be replenished, now that she is laid waste,'


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