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Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬

Updated: Jun 23, 2023

Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭1‬-‭3


“These are the words that Moses spoke to all Israel beyond the Jordan in the wilderness, in the Arabah opposite Suph, between Paran and Tophel, Laban, Hazeroth, and Dizahab. It is eleven days’ journey from Horeb by the way of Mount Seir to Kadesh-barnea. In the fortieth year, on the first day of the eleventh month, Moses spoke to the people of Israel according to all that the LORD had given him in commandment to them,”

‭‭Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭1‬-‭3


These are the words that Moses spoke to all Israel beyond the Jordan in the wilderness, in the Arabah opposite Suph,


Arabah H6160: From עָרַב H6150 (in the sense of sterility); a desert ; especially (with the article prefixed) the (generally) sterile valley of the Jordan and its continuation to the Red Sea: - Arabah, champaign, desert, evening, heaven, plain, wilderness. H6150: A primitive root (rather identical with עָרַב H6148 through the idea of covering with a texture); to grow dusky at sundown: - be darkened, (toward) evening.


“‘Sing, O barren one, who did not bear; break forth into singing and cry aloud, you who have not been in labor! For the children of the desolate one will be more than the children of her who is married,’ says the LORD.”

‭‭Isaiah‬ ‭54‬:‭1‬


“I will give you the treasures of darkness and the hoards in secret places, that you may know that it is I, the LORD, the God of Israel, who call you by your name.”

‭‭Isaiah‬ ‭45‬:‭3‬



Suph H5489: For סוּף H5488 (by ellipsis of יָם H3220); the Reed (Sea): - Red sea. H5488: Probably of Egyptian origin; a reed, especially the papyrus : - flag. Red [sea], weed. H3220: From an unused root meaning to roar ; a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article) the Mediterranean; sometimes a large river, or an artificial basin ; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south.


“What I tell you in the dark, say in the light, and what you hear whispered, proclaim on the housetops.”

‭‭Matthew‬ ‭10‬:‭27‬



between Paran and Tophel, Laban, Hazeroth, and Dizahab.


Paran H6290: From פָּאַר H6286; ornamental. H6286: A primitive root; to gleam, that is, (causatively) embellish ; figuratively to boast ; also to explain (that is, make clear) oneself; denominatively from פְּאֹרָה H6288, to shake a tree. BDB Lexicon:

Paran = "place of caverns"


SongofSongs 3:4 Scarcely had I passed them when I found him whom my soul loves. I held him, and would not let him go until I had brought him into my mother's house, and into the chamber of her who conceived me.



Tophel H8603: From the same as תָּפֵל H8602; quagmire. H8602: From an unused root meaning to smear ; plaster (as gummy) or slime ; (figuratively) frivolity. BDB Lexicon:

Tophel = "white"


Laban H3837: The same as לָבָן H3836: From לָבַן H3835; white.


1 John 1:7 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus his Son cleanses us from all sin.


1 Peter 1:16 since it is written, "You shall be holy, for I am holy."



Hazeroth H2698: Feminine plural of חָצֵר H2691; yards. H2691: From חָצַר H2690 in its original sense; a yard (as inclosed by a fence); also a hamlet (as similarly surrounded with walls). BDB Lexicon:

Hazeroth = "settlement"


Isaiah 57:15 For thus says the One who is high and lifted up, who inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy:"I dwell in the high and holy place, and also with him who is of a contrite and lowly spirit, to revive the spirit of the lowly, and to revive the heart of the contrite.



Dizahab H1774: As if from דִּי H1768 and זָהָב H2091; of gold. BDB Lexicon:

Dizahab = "enough gold"


Psalm 68:13 though you men lie among the sheepfolds— the wings of a dove covered with silver, its pinions with shimmering gold.



It is eleven days’ journey from Horeb by the way of Mount Seir to Kadesh-barnea.


Luke 24:13 That same day two of Jesus’ followers were walking to the village of Emmaus, seven miles(Greek 60 stadia [11.1 kilometers].) from Jerusalem. (NLT)


Horeb H2722: From חָרַב H2717; desolate. H2717: A primitive root; to parch (through drought), that is, (by analogy) to desolate, destroy, kill. BDB Lexicon:

Horeb = "desert"


Exodus 3:1 … and came to Horeb, the mountain of God.


Deuteronomy 5:2 The LORD our God made a covenant with us in Horeb.


Exodus 33:6 Therefore the people of Israel stripped themselves of their ornaments, from Mount Horeb onward.


Deuteronomy 4:24 For the LORD your God is a consuming fire, a jealous God.



Seir H8165: Formed like שָׂעִיר H8163; rough ; Seir, a mountain of Idumaea and its aboriginal occupants, also one in Palestine. H8163: From שָׂעַר H8175; shaggy ; as noun, a he goat ; by analogy a faun. BDB Lexicon:

Seir = "hairy" or " shaggy"


Genesis 25:25 The first came out red, all his body like a hairy cloak, so they called his name Esau.


Genesis 36:8 So Esau settled in the hill country of Seir. (Esau is Edom.)


Deuteronomy 2:1 …And for many days we traveled around Mount Seir.


Ezekiel 35:2 "Son of man, set your face against Mount Seir, and prophesy against it,35:3 and say to it, Thus says the LORD God: Behold, I am against you, Mount Seir, and I will stretch out my hand against you, and I will make you a desolation and a waste.



Kadesh-barnea H6947: From the same as קָדֵשׁ H6946 and an otherwise unused word (apparently compounded of a correspondent to בַּר H1251 and a derivative of נוּעַ H5128) meaning desert of a fugitive ; Kadesh of (the) Wilderness of Wandering ; Kadesh-Barnea, a place in the Desert. H6946: The same as קָדֵשׁ H6945; sanctuary. BDB Lexicon:

Kadesh-barnea = "holy"


Psalm 29:8 The voice of the LORD shakes the wilderness; the LORD shakes the wilderness of Kadesh.


Daniel 4:31 While the words were still in the king's mouth, there fell a voice from heaven, "O King Nebuchadnezzar, to you it is spoken: The kingdom has departed from you,4:32 and you shall be driven from among men, and your dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field. And you shall be made to eat grass like an ox, and seven periods of time shall pass over you, until you know that the Most High rules the kingdom of men and gives it to whom he will."4:33 Immediately the word was fulfilled against Nebuchadnezzar. He was driven from among men and ate grass like an ox, and his body was wet with the dew of heaven till his hair grew as long as eagles' feathers, and his nails were like birds' claws.4:34 At the end of the days I, Nebuchadnezzar, lifted my eyes to heaven, and my reason returned to me, and I blessed the Most High, and praised and honored him who lives forever, for his dominion is an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom endures from generation to generation;



It is eleven days’ journey


Isaiah 35:8 And a highway shall be there, and it shall be called the Way of Holiness; the unclean shall not pass over it. It shall belong to those who walk on the way; even if they are fools, they shall not go astray.


Psalm 39:5 Behold, you have made my days a few handbreadths, and my lifetime is as nothing before you. Surely all mankind stands as a mere breath! Selah


Psalm 90:10 The years of our life are seventy, or even by reason of strength eighty; yet their span is but toil and trouble; they are soon gone, and we fly away.



In the fortieth year, on the first day of the eleventh month, Moses spoke to the people of Israel according to all that the LORD had given him in commandment to them,


Exodus 16:35 The people of Israel ate the manna forty years, till they came to a habitable land. They ate the manna till they came to the border of the land of Canaan.


Numbers 32:13 And the LORD's anger was kindled against Israel, and he made them wander in the wilderness forty years, until all the generation that had done evil in the sight of the LORD was gone.


Deuteronomy 8:2 And you shall remember the whole way that the LORD your God has led you these forty years in the wilderness, that he might humble you, testing you to know what was in your heart, whether you would keep his commandments or not.


Ezekiel 26:1 In the eleventh year, on the first day of the month, the word of the LORD came to me:26:2 "Son of man, because Tyre said concerning Jerusalem, 'Aha, the gate of the peoples is broken; it has swung open to me. I shall be replenished, now that she is laid waste,'





Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭4‬-‭8


“after he had defeated Sihon the king of the Amorites, who lived in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, who lived in Ashtaroth and in Edrei. Beyond the Jordan, in the land of Moab, Moses undertook to explain this law, saying, “The LORD our God said to us in Horeb, ‘You have stayed long enough at this mountain. Turn and take your journey, and go to the hill country of the Amorites and to all their neighbors in the Arabah, in the hill country and in the lowland and in the Negeb and by the seacoast, the land of the Canaanites, and Lebanon, as far as the great river, the river Euphrates. See, I have set the land before you. Go in and take possession of the land that the LORD swore to your fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give to them and to their offspring after them.’”

‭‭Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭4‬-‭8


after he had defeated Sihon the king of the Amorites, who lived in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, who lived in Ashtaroth and in Edrei.


Sihon H5511: BDB Lexicon:

Sihon = "warrior"


Amorites H567: BDB Lexicon:

Amorite = "a sayer"


Heshbon H2809: BDB Lexicon:

Heshbon = "stronghold"


Og H5747: BDB Lexicon:

Og = "long-necked"


Bashan H1316: BDB Lexicon:

Bashan = "fruitful"


Ashtaroth H6252: BDB Lexicon:

Ashtaroth or Astaroth = "star"


Edrei H154: BDB Lexicon:

Edrei = "goodly pasture"


Isaiah 3:1 For behold, the LORD God of hosts is taking away from Jerusalem and from Judah support and supply, all support of bread, and all support of water;3:2 the mighty man and the soldier, the judge and the prophet, the diviner and the elder,3:3 the captain of fifty and the man of rank, the counselor and the skillful magician and the expert in charms.


Revelation 8:10 The third angel blew his trumpet, and a great star fell from heaven, blazing like a torch, and it fell on a third of the rivers and on the springs of water.



Beyond the Jordan, in the land of Moab, Moses undertook to explain this law, saying, “The LORD our God said to us in Horeb, ‘You have stayed long enough at this mountain. Turn and take your journey,


“He said to him, “What is written in the Law? How do you read it?” And he answered, “You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind, and your neighbor as yourself.” And he said to him, “You have answered correctly; do this, and you will live.””

‭‭Luke‬ ‭10‬:‭26‬-‭28‬


James 2:14 What good is it, my brothers, if someone says he has faith but does not have works? Can that faith save him?


1 John 3:18 Little children, let us not love in word or talk but in deed and in truth.



and go to the hill country of the Amorites


Amorites H567: BDB Lexicon:

Amorite = "a sayer"


“The scribes and the Pharisees sit on Moses’ seat, so do and observe whatever they tell you, but not the works they do. For they preach, but do not practice.”

‭‭Matthew‬ ‭23‬:‭2‬-‭3‬


and to all their neighbors in the Arabah,


Arabah H6160+H6160: From עָרַב H6150 (in the sense of sterility); a desert ; especially (with the article prefixed) the (generally) sterile valley of the Jordan and its continuation to the Red Sea. BDB Lexicon:

1. desert plain, steppe, desert, wilderness


in the hill country and in the lowland and in the Negeb


Negeb H8219: BDB Lexicon: lowland, valley


and by the seacoast,


Ezekiel 3:5 For you are not sent to a people of foreign speech and a hard language, but to the house of Israel—


“Come with me from Lebanon, my bride; come with me from Lebanon. Depart from the peak of Amana, from the peak of Senir and Hermon, from the dens of lions, from the mountains of leopards.”

‭‭Song of Solomon‬ ‭4‬:‭8‬



the land of the Canaanites,


Canaanites H3669: Patrial from כְּנַעַן H3667; a Kenaanite or inhabitant of Kenaan; by implication a pedlar (the Cananites standing for their neighbors the Ishmaelites, who conducted mercantile caravans). BDB Lexicon:

Canaanite = see Cana " zealous"

1. descendant of inhabitant of Canaan (adjective)

2. descendant or inhabitant of Canaan (noun)

3. a merchant, trader (noun)


Exodus 3:8 and I have come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians and to bring them up out of that land to a good and broad land, a land flowing with milk and honey, to the place of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites.


Exodus 13:11 "When the LORD brings you into the land of the Canaanites, as he swore to you and your fathers, and shall give it to you,


Luke 19:45 And he entered the temple and began to drive out those who sold,



and Lebanon,


Lebanon H3844: From לְבַב H3825; (the) white mountain (from its snow). BDB Lexicon:

Lebanon = "whiteness"

H3825: corresponding to לֵבָב H3824: - heart. BDB Lexicon:

1. heart, mind


Ezekiel 31:3 Behold, Assyria was a cedar in Lebanon, with beautiful branches and forest shade, and of towering height, its top among the clouds.31:18 "Whom are you thus like in glory and in greatness among the trees of Eden? You shall be brought down with the trees of Eden to the world below. You shall lie among the uncircumcised, with those who are slain by the sword."This is Pharaoh and all his multitude, declares the LORD God."



as far as the great river, the river Euphrates.


Euphrates H6578: From an unused root meaning to break forth; rushing. BDB Lexicon:

Euphrates = "fruitfulness"


Jeremiah 46:6 "The swift cannot flee away, nor the warrior escape; in the north by the river Euphrates they have stumbled and fallen.


Jeremiah 46:10 That day is the day of the LORD God of hosts, a day of vengeance, to avenge himself on his foes. The sword shall devour and be sated and drink its fill of their blood. For the LORD God of hosts holds a sacrifice in the north country by the river Euphrates.


Revelation 16:12 The sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates, and its water was dried up, to prepare the way for the kings from the east.16:13 And I saw, coming out of the mouth of the dragon and out of the mouth of the beast and out of the mouth of the false prophet, three unclean spirits like frogs.16:14 For they are demonic spirits, performing signs, who go abroad to the kings of the whole world, to assemble them for battle on the great day of God the Almighty.



See, I have set the land before you. Go in and take possession of the land that the LORD swore to your fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give to them and to their offspring after them.


Joshua 1:9 Have I not commanded you? Be strong and courageous. Do not be frightened, and do not be dismayed, for the LORD your God is with you wherever you go.




Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭9‬-‭15


“At that time I said to you, ‘I am not able to bear you by myself. The LORD your God has multiplied you, and behold, you are today as numerous as the stars of heaven. May the LORD, the God of your fathers, make you a thousand times as many as you are and bless you, as he has promised you! How can I bear by myself the weight and burden of you and your strife? Choose for your tribes wise, understanding, and experienced men, and I will appoint them as your heads.’ And you answered me, ‘The thing that you have spoken is good for us to do.’ So I took the heads of your tribes, wise and experienced men, and set them as heads over you, commanders of thousands, commanders of hundreds, commanders of fifties, commanders of tens, and officers, throughout your tribes.”

‭‭Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭9‬-‭15


At that time I said to you, ‘I am not able to bear you by myself.


Bear H5375: A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively : - accept, advance, arise, (able to, [armour], suffer to) bear (-er, up), bring (forth), burn, carry (away), cast, contain, desire, ease, exact, exalt (self), extol, fetch, forgive, furnish, further, give, go on, help, high, hold up, honourable (+ man), lade, lay, lift (self) up, lofty, marry, magnify, X needs, obtain, pardon, raise (up), receive, regard, respect, set (up), spare, stir up, + swear, take (away, up), X utterly, wear, yield.


Matthew 11:28 Come to me, all who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.11:29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn from me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.11:30 For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light."



The LORD your God has multiplied you, and behold, you are today as numerous as the stars of heaven. May the LORD, the God of your fathers, make you a thousand times as many as you are and bless you, as he has promised you!


Genesis 35:11 And God said to him, "I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply. A nation and a company of nations shall come from you, and kings shall come from your own body.



How can I bear by myself the weight and burden of you and your strife?


“Yet even if I do judge, my judgment is true, for it is not I alone who judge, but I and the Father who sent me.”

‭‭John‬ ‭8‬:‭16‬



Choose for your tribes wise, understanding, and experienced men, and I will appoint them as your heads.’ And you answered me, ‘The thing that you have spoken is good for us to do.’


“What then is Apollos? What is Paul? Servants through whom you believed, as the Lord assigned to each.”

‭‭1 Corinthians‬ ‭3‬:‭5‬



So I took the heads of your tribes, wise and experienced men, and set them as heads over you, commanders of thousands, commanders of hundreds, commanders of fifties, commanders of tens, and officers, throughout your tribes.


“But all things should be done decently and in order.”

‭‭1 Corinthians‬ ‭14‬:‭40


“Let every person be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and those that exist have been instituted by God.”

‭‭Romans‬ ‭13‬:‭1


“who has gone into heaven and is at the right hand of God, with angels, authorities, and powers having been subjected to him.”

‭‭1 Peter‬ ‭3‬:‭22‬




Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭9‬-‭15


“At that time I said to you, ‘I am not able to bear you by myself. The LORD your God has multiplied you, and behold, you are today as numerous as the stars of heaven. May the LORD, the God of your fathers, make you a thousand times as many as you are and bless you, as he has promised you! How can I bear by myself the weight and burden of you and your strife? Choose for your tribes wise, understanding, and experienced men, and I will appoint them as your heads.’ And you answered me, ‘The thing that you have spoken is good for us to do.’ So I took the heads of your tribes, wise and experienced men, and set them as heads over you, commanders of thousands, commanders of hundreds, commanders of fifties, commanders of tens, and officers, throughout your tribes.”

‭‭Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭9‬-‭15


At that time I said to you, ‘I am not able to bear you by myself.


Bear H5375: A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively : - accept, advance, arise, (able to, [armour], suffer to) bear (-er, up), bring (forth), burn, carry (away), cast, contain, desire, ease, exact, exalt (self), extol, fetch, forgive, furnish, further, give, go on, help, high, hold up, honourable (+ man), lade, lay, lift (self) up, lofty, marry, magnify, X needs, obtain, pardon, raise (up), receive, regard, respect, set (up), spare, stir up, + swear, take (away, up), X utterly, wear, yield.


Matthew 11:28 Come to me, all who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.11:29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn from me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.11:30 For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light."



The LORD your God has multiplied you, and behold, you are today as numerous as the stars of heaven. May the LORD, the God of your fathers, make you a thousand times as many as you are and bless you, as he has promised you!


Genesis 35:11 And God said to him, "I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply. A nation and a company of nations shall come from you, and kings shall come from your own body.



How can I bear by myself the weight and burden of you and your strife?


“Yet even if I do judge, my judgment is true, for it is not I alone who judge, but I and the Father who sent me.”

‭‭John‬ ‭8‬:‭16‬



Choose for your tribes wise, understanding, and experienced men, and I will appoint them as your heads.’ And you answered me, ‘The thing that you have spoken is good for us to do.’


“What then is Apollos? What is Paul? Servants through whom you believed, as the Lord assigned to each.”

‭‭1 Corinthians‬ ‭3‬:‭5‬



So I took the heads of your tribes, wise and experienced men, and set them as heads over you, commanders of thousands, commanders of hundreds, commanders of fifties, commanders of tens, and officers, throughout your tribes.


“But all things should be done decently and in order.”

‭‭1 Corinthians‬ ‭14‬:‭40


“Let every person be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and those that exist have been instituted by God.”

‭‭Romans‬ ‭13‬:‭1


“who has gone into heaven and is at the right hand of God, with angels, authorities, and powers having been subjected to him.”

‭‭1 Peter‬ ‭3‬:‭22‬





Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭16‬-‭18‬


“And I charged your judges at that time, ‘Hear the cases between your brothers, and judge righteously between a man and his brother or the alien who is with him. You shall not be partial in judgment. You shall hear the small and the great alike. You shall not be intimidated by anyone, for the judgment is God’s. And the case that is too hard for you, you shall bring to me, and I will hear it.’ And I commanded you at that time all the things that you should do.”

‭‭Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭16‬-‭18‬


And I charged your judges at that time, ‘Hear the cases between your brothers, and judge righteously between a man and his brother or the alien who is with him.


Psalm 96:13 …for he comes, for he comes to judge the earth. He will judge the world in righteousness, and the peoples in his faithfulness.



You shall not be partial in judgment.


Partial H5234: A primitive root; properly to scrutinize, that is, look intently at; hence (with recognition implied), to acknowledge, be acquainted with, care for, respect, revere, or (with suspicion implied), to disregard, ignore, be strange toward, reject, resign, dissimulate (as if ignorant or disowning): - acknowledge, X could, deliver, discern, dissemble, estrange, feign self to be another, know, take knowledge (notice), perceive, regard, (have) respect, behave (make) self strange (-ly).

BDB Lexicon:

1. to recognise, acknowledge, know, respect, discern, regard

2. to act or treat as foreign or strange, disguise, misconstrue


be partial: judge according to the flesh.


John 8:15 You judge according to the flesh; I judge no one.



You shall hear the small and the great alike.


Job 3:19 The small and the great are there, and the slave is free from his master.


Psalm 115:13 he will bless those who fear the LORD, both the small and the great.



You shall not be intimidated by anyone,


Proverbs 29:25 The fear of man lays a snare, but whoever trusts in the LORD is safe.


“And the Lord said: “Because this people draw near with their mouth and honor me with their lips, while their hearts are far from me, and their fear of me is a commandment taught by men,”

‭‭Isaiah‬ ‭29‬:‭13



for the judgment is God’s.


Matthew 10:28 And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. Rather fear him who can destroy both soul and body in hell.



And the case that is too hard for you, you shall bring to me, and I will hear it.


Daniel 12:4 But you, Daniel, shut up the words and seal the book, until the time of the end. Many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall increase.



And I commanded you at that time all the things that you should do.


Joshua 24:26 And Joshua wrote these words in the Book of the Law of God. And he took a large stone and set it up there under the terebinth that was by the sanctuary of the LORD.


“But be on guard; I have told you all things beforehand.”

‭‭Mark‬ ‭13‬:‭23




Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭19‬-‭21


“Then we set out from Horeb and went through all that great and terrifying wilderness that you saw, on the way to the hill country of the Amorites, as the LORD our God commanded us. And we came to Kadesh-barnea. And I said to you, ‘You have come to the hill country of the Amorites, which the LORD our God is giving us. See, the LORD your God has set the land before you. Go up, take possession, as the LORD, the God of your fathers, has told you. Do not fear or be dismayed.’”

‭‭Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭19‬-‭21


Then we set out from Horeb and went through all that great and terrifying wilderness that you saw, on the way to the hill country of the Amorites, as the LORD our God commanded us.


Genesis 15:16 And they shall come back here in the fourth generation, for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet complete."


Ezekiel 16:3 and say, Thus says the Lord God to Jerusalem: Your origin and your birth are of the land of the Canaanites; your father was an Amorite and your mother a Hittite.



And we came to Kadesh-barnea.


Kadesh-barnea H6947: From the same as קָדֵשׁ H6946 and an otherwise unused word (apparently compounded of a correspondent to בַּר H1251 and a derivative of נוּעַ H5128) meaning desert of a fugitive ; Kadesh of (the) Wilderness of Wandering ; Kadesh-Barnea, a place in the Desert. H6946: The same as קָדֵשׁ H6945; sanctuary. BDB Lexicon:

Kadesh-barnea = "holy"


Deuteronomy 1:2 It is eleven days' journey from Horeb by the way of Mount Seir to Kadesh-barnea.


Ephesians 4:13 until we all attain to the unity of the faith and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to mature manhood, to the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ,


Mark 1:2 As it is written in Isaiah the prophet,"Behold, I send my messenger before your face, who will prepare your way,1:3 the voice of one crying in the wilderness:'Prepare the way of the Lord, make his paths straight,'"


SongofSongs 8:5 Who is that coming up from the wilderness, leaning on her beloved? Under the apple tree I awakened you. There your mother was in labor with you; there she who bore you was in labor.



And I said to you, ‘You have come to the hill country of the Amorites, which the LORD our God is giving us. See, the LORD your God has set the land before you. Go up, take possession, as the LORD, the God of your fathers, has told you. Do not fear or be dismayed.’


Hebrews 10:38 but my righteous one shall live by faith, and if he shrinks back, my soul has no pleasure in him."




Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭22‬-‭25


“Then all of you came near me and said, ‘Let us send men before us, that they may explore the land for us and bring us word again of the way by which we must go up and the cities into which we shall come.’ The thing seemed good to me, and I took twelve men from you, one man from each tribe. And they turned and went up into the hill country, and came to the Valley of Eshcol and spied it out. And they took in their hands some of the fruit of the land and brought it down to us, and brought us word again and said, ‘It is a good land that the LORD our God is giving us.’”

‭‭Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭22‬-‭25


Then all of you came near me and said, ‘Let us send men before us, that they may explore the land for us


“Jesus said to him, “Have you believed because you have seen me? Blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed.””

‭‭John‬ ‭20‬:‭29



and bring us word again of the way by which we must go up


Proverbs 30:18 Three things are too wonderful for me; four I do not understand:30:19 the way of an eagle in the sky, the way of a serpent on a rock, the way of a ship on the high seas, and the way of a man with a virgin.


John 14:6 Jesus said to him,"I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.


John 1:51 And he said to him,"Truly, truly, I say to you, you will see heaven opened, and the angels of God ascending and descending on the Son of Man."



and the cities into which we shall come.


Hebrews 12:22 But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable angels in festal gathering,



The thing seemed good to me, and I took twelve men from you, one man from each tribe. And they turned and went up into the hill country, and came to the Valley of Eshcol and spied it out.


Eshcol H812: The same as אֶשְׁכּוֹל H811: Probably prolonged from אֶשֶׁךְ H810; a bunch of grapes or other fruit: - cluster (of grapes). BDB Lexicon:

Eshcol = "cluster"


And they turned and went up into the hill country, and came to the Valley of Eshcol and spied it out.


“Behold, I go forward, but he is not there, and backward, but I do not perceive him; on the left hand when he is working, I do not behold him; he turns to the right hand, but I do not see him. But he knows the way that I take; when he has tried me, I shall come out as gold.”

‭‭Job‬ ‭23‬:‭8‬-‭10


“And he said, “Go out and stand on the mount before the LORD.” And behold, the LORD passed by, and a great and strong wind tore the mountains and broke in pieces the rocks before the LORD, but the LORD was not in the wind. And after the wind an earthquake, but the LORD was not in the earthquake.”

‭‭1 Kings‬ ‭19‬:‭11‬



And they took in their hands some of the fruit of the land and brought it down to us,


Luke 6:44 for each tree is known by its own fruit. For figs are not gathered from thornbushes, nor are grapes picked from a bramble bush.



and brought us word again and said, ‘It is a good land that the LORD our God is giving us.’


Psalm 100:5 For the LORD is good; his steadfast love endures forever, and his faithfulness to all generations.




Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭26‬-‭28


“Yet you would not go up, but rebelled against the command of the LORD your God. And you murmured in your tents and said, ‘Because the LORD hated us he has brought us out of the land of Egypt, to give us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us. Where are we going up? Our brothers have made our hearts melt, saying, “The people are greater and taller than we. The cities are great and fortified up to heaven. And besides, we have seen the sons of the Anakim there.”

‭‭Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭26‬-‭28


Yet you would not go up, but rebelled against the command of the LORD your God.


Matthew 21:28 "What do you think? A man had two sons. And he went to the first and said, 'Son, go and work in the vineyard today.'21:29 And he answered, 'I will not,' but afterward he changed his mind and went.21:30 And he went to the other son and said the same. And he answered, 'I go, sir,' but did not go.21:31 Which of the two did the will of his father?" They said, "The first." Jesus said to them,"Truly, I say to you, the tax collectors and the prostitutes go into the kingdom of God before you.



And you murmured in your tents


Psalm 44:21 would not God discover this? For he knows the secrets of the heart.



and said, ‘Because the LORD hated us he has brought us out of the land of Egypt, to give us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us.


Isaiah 30:9 For they are a rebellious people, lying children, children unwilling to hear the instruction of the LORD;


Psalm 120:2 Deliver me, O LORD, from lying lips, from a deceitful tongue.120:3 What shall be given to you, and what more shall be done to you, you deceitful tongue?120:4 A warrior's sharp arrows, with glowing coals of the broom tree!


Isaiah 6:5 And I said: "Woe is me! For I am lost; for I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips; for my eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts!"6:6 Then one of the seraphim flew to me, having in his hand a burning coal that he had taken with tongs from the altar.6:7 And he touched my mouth and said: "Behold, this has touched your lips; your guilt is taken away, and your sin atoned for."



Where are we going up?


Jeremiah 29:13 You will seek me and find me, when you seek me with all your heart.



Our brothers have made our hearts melt,


Deuteronomy 20:8 And the officers shall speak further to the people, and say, 'Is there any man who is fearful and fainthearted? Let him go back to his house, lest he make the heart of his fellows melt like his own.'



saying, “The people are greater and taller than we.


Matthew 23:5 They do all their deeds to be seen by others. For they make their phylacteries broad and their fringes long,23:6 and they love the place of honor at feasts and the best seats in the synagogues23:7 and greetings in the marketplaces and being called rabbi by others.



The cities are great and fortified up to heaven.


Genesis 11:4 Then they said, "Come, let us build ourselves a city and a tower with its top in the heavens, and let us make a name for ourselves, lest we be dispersed over the face of the whole earth."


Matthew 24:2 But he answered them,"You see all these, do you not? Truly, I say to you, there will not be left here one stone upon another that will not be thrown down."



And besides, we have seen the sons of the Anakim there.


Anakim H6062: Patronymic from עָנָק H6061; an Anakite or descendant of Anak. H6061: The same as עָנָק H6060: From עָנַק H6059; a necklace (as if strangling). H6059: properly to choke ; used only as denominative from עָנָק H6060, to collar, that is, adorn with a necklace; figuratively to fit out with supplies. BDB Lexicon:

Anakims = "long-necked"


Genesis 6:2 the sons of God saw that the daughters of man were attractive. And they took as their wives any they chose.6:4 The Nephilim were on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of man and they bore children to them. These were the mighty men who were of old, the men of renown.


Revelation 13:15 And it was allowed to give breath to the image of the beast, so that the image of the beast might even speak and might cause those who would not worship the image of the beast to be slain.13:16 Also it causes all, both small and great, both rich and poor, both free and slave, to be marked on the right hand or the forehead,13:17 so that no one can buy or sell unless he has the mark, that is, the name of the beast or the number of its name.13:18 This calls for wisdom: let the one who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man, and his number is 666.




Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭29‬-‭33


“Then I said to you, ‘Do not be in dread or afraid of them. The LORD your God who goes before you will himself fight for you, just as he did for you in Egypt before your eyes, and in the wilderness, where you have seen how the LORD your God carried you, as a man carries his son, all the way that you went until you came to this place.’ Yet in spite of this word you did not believe the LORD your God, who went before you in the way to seek you out a place to pitch your tents, in fire by night and in the cloud by day, to show you by what way you should go.”

‭‭Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭29‬-‭33


Then I said to you, ‘Do not be in dread or afraid of them. The LORD your God who goes before you will himself fight for you,


2 Chronicles 32:7 "Be strong and courageous. Do not be afraid or dismayed before the king of Assyria and all the horde that is with him, for there are more with us than with him.



just as he did for you in Egypt before your eyes, and in the wilderness, where you have seen how the LORD your God carried you, as a man carries his son, all the way that you went until you came to this place.’


Hebrews 12:1 Therefore, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us also lay aside every weight, and sin which clings so closely, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us,


Joshua 23:14 "And now I am about to go the way of all the earth, and you know in your hearts and souls, all of you, that not one word has failed of all the good things that the LORD your God promised concerning you. All have come to pass for you; not one of them has failed.



Yet in spite of this word you did not believe the LORD your God,


Matthew 14:31 Jesus immediately reached out his hand and took hold of him, saying to him,"O you of little faith, why did you doubt?"



who went before you in the way to seek you out a place to pitch your tents,


“And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and will take you to myself, that where I am you may be also.”

‭‭John‬ ‭14‬:‭3



in fire by night


“John answered them all, saying, “I baptize you with water, but he who is mightier than I is coming, the strap of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire.”

‭‭Luke‬ ‭3‬:‭16


Zechariah 13:9 And I will put this third into the fire, and refine them as one refines silver, and test them as gold is tested. They will call upon my name, and I will answer them. I will say, 'They are my people'; and they will say, 'The LORD is my God.'"


1 Corinthians 3:13 each one's work will become manifest, for the Day will disclose it, because it will be revealed by fire, and the fire will test what sort of work each one has done.


Romans 13:12 The night is far gone; the day is at hand. So then let us cast off the works of darkness and put on the armor of light.



and in the cloud by day,


Luke 21:27 And then they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory.


1 Thessalonians 4:17 Then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we will always be with the Lord.


2 Corinthians 5:1 For we know that if the tent that is our earthly home is destroyed, we have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.5:2 For in this tent we groan, longing to put on our heavenly dwelling,5:3 if indeed by putting it on we may not be found naked.



to show you by what way you should go.


“Seek the LORD while he may be found; call upon him while he is near;”

‭‭Isaiah‬ ‭55‬:‭6‬




Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭34‬-‭36


“And the LORD heard your words and was angered, and he swore, ‘Not one of these men of this evil generation shall see the good land that I swore to give to your fathers, except Caleb the son of Jephunneh. He shall see it, and to him and to his children I will give the land on which he has trodden, because he has wholly followed the LORD!’”

‭‭Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭34‬-‭36


And the LORD heard your words and was angered,


Deuteronomy 1:27 And you murmured in your tents and said, 'Because the LORD hated us he has brought us out of the land of Egypt, to give us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us.1:28 Where are we going up? Our brothers have made our hearts melt, saying, "The people are greater and taller than we. The cities are great and fortified up to heaven. And besides, we have seen the sons of the Anakim there."'


Jeremiah 25:15 Thus the LORD, the God of Israel, said to me: "Take from my hand this cup of the wine of wrath, and make all the nations to whom I send you drink it.



men of this evil generation


Hebrews 3:18 And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not?



and he swore, ‘Not one of these…shall see the good land that I swore to give to your fathers,


John 11:40 Jesus said to her,"Did I not tell you that if you believed you would see the glory of God?"


John 20:29 Jesus said to him,"Have you believed because you have seen me? Blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed."



Caleb H3612: Perhaps a form of כֶּלֶב H3611, or else from the same root in the sense of forcible. H3611: From an unused root meaning to yelp, or else to attack ; a dog.


because he has wholly followed the LORD!



Jephunneh H3312: From פָּנָה H6437; he will be prepared. H6437: A primitive root; to turn ; by implication to face, that is, appear, look, etc. BDB Lexicon:

Jephunneh = "He will be facing"


He shall see it,


Hebrews 11:1 Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen.


1 Corinthians 13:12 For now we see in a mirror dimly, but then face to face. Now I know in part; then I shall know fully, even as I have been fully known.



and to him and to his children I will give the land on which he has trodden,


trodden H1869: A primitive root; to tread ; by implication to walk ; also to string a bow (by treading on it in bending).


James 1:22 But be doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving yourselves.1:23 For if anyone is a hearer of the word and not a doer, he is like a man who looks intently at his natural face in a mirror.1:24 For he looks at himself and goes away and at once forgets what he was like.1:25 But the one who looks into the perfect law, the law of liberty, and perseveres, being no hearer who forgets but a doer who acts, he will be blessed in his doing.




Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭37‬-‭40


“Even with me the LORD was angry on your account and said, ‘You also shall not go in there. Joshua the son of Nun, who stands before you, he shall enter. Encourage him, for he shall cause Israel to inherit it. And as for your little ones, who you said would become a prey, and your children, who today have no knowledge of good or evil, they shall go in there. And to them I will give it, and they shall possess it. But as for you, turn, and journey into the wilderness in the direction of the Red Sea.’”

‭‭Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭37‬-‭40


Even with me the LORD was angry on your account and said, ‘You also shall not go in there.


Romans 8:3 For God has done what the law, weakened by the flesh, could not do. By sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and for sin, he condemned sin in the flesh,


Romans 3:20 For by works of the law no human being will be justified in his sight, since through the law comes knowledge of sin.


John 2:17 His disciples remembered that it was written, "Zeal for your house will consume me."



Joshua the son of Nun,


Joshua H3091: From יְהֹוָה H3068 and יָשַׁע H3467; Jehovah-saved ; Jehoshua (that is, Joshua), the Jewish leader. Joshua or Jehoshua = "Jehovah is salvation"


Nun H5126: From נוּן H5125; perpetuity. H5125: A primitive root; to resprout, that is, propagate by shoots; figuratively, to be perpetual. Nun = "fish" or " posterity"


Isaiah 11:1 There shall come forth a shoot from the stump of Jesse, and a branch from his roots shall bear fruit.11:2 And the Spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the Spirit of wisdom and understanding, the Spirit of counsel and might, the Spirit of knowledge and the fear of the LORD.



who stands before you, he shall enter.


1 Peter 2:9 But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for his own possession, that you may proclaim the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light.2:10 Once you were not a people, but now you are God's people; once you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy.



Encourage him, for he shall cause Israel to inherit it.


Jeremiah 3:14 Turn, O backsliding children, saith the LORD; for I am married unto you: and I will take you one of a city, and two of a family, and I will bring you to Zion:


Revelation 21:2 And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.



And as for your little ones, who you said would become a prey, and your children, who today have no knowledge of good or evil, they shall go in there. And to them I will give it, and they shall possess it.


Luke 18:10 "Two men went up into the temple to pray, one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector.18:11 The Pharisee, standing by himself, prayed thus: 'God, I thank you that I am not like other men, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even like this tax collector.18:12 I fast twice a week; I give tithes of all that I get.'18:13 But the tax collector, standing far off, would not even lift up his eyes to heaven, but beat his breast, saying, 'God, be merciful to me, a sinner!'18:14 I tell you, this man went down to his house justified, rather than the other. For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, but the one who humbles himself will be exalted."18:15 Now they were bringing even infants to him that he might touch them. And when the disciples saw it, they rebuked them.18:16 But Jesus called them to him, saying,"Let the children come to me, and do not hinder them, for to such belongs the kingdom of God.18:17 Truly, I say to you, whoever does not receive the kingdom of God like a child shall not enter it."



But as for you, turn, and journey into the wilderness in the direction of the Red Sea.’


Red H5488: Probably of Egyptian origin; a reed, especially the papyrus.


Revelation 11:1 Then I was given a measuring rod like a staff, and I was told, "Rise and measure the temple of God and the altar and those who worship there,




Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭41‬-‭46


“Then you answered me, ‘We have sinned against the LORD. We ourselves will go up and fight, just as the LORD our God commanded us.’ And every one of you fastened on his weapons of war and thought it easy to go up into the hill country. And the LORD said to me, ‘Say to them, Do not go up or fight, for I am not in your midst, lest you be defeated before your enemies.’ So I spoke to you, and you would not listen; but you rebelled against the command of the LORD and presumptuously went up into the hill country. Then the Amorites who lived in that hill country came out against you and chased you as bees do and beat you down in Seir as far as Hormah. And you returned and wept before the LORD, but the LORD did not listen to your voice or give ear to you. So you remained at Kadesh many days, the days that you remained there.”

‭‭Deuteronomy‬ ‭1‬:‭41‬-‭46


Then you answered me, ‘We have sinned against the LORD.


Psalm 51:4 Against you, you only, have I sinned and done what is evil in your sight, so that you may be justified in your words and blameless in your judgment.



We ourselves will go up and fight, just as the LORD our God commanded us.’ And every one of you fastened on his weapons of war and thought it easy to go up into the hill country. And the LORD said to me, ‘Say to them, Do not go up or fight, for I am not in your midst, lest you be defeated before your enemies.’ So I spoke to you, and you would not listen; but you rebelled against the command of the LORD and presumptuously went up into the hill country.


Job 41:8 Lay your hands on him; remember the battle—you will not do it again!41:9 Behold, the hope of a man is false; he is laid low even at the sight of him.


Isaiah 48:18 Oh that you had paid attention to my commandments! Then your peace would have been like a river, and your righteousness like the waves of the sea;


Psalm 81:11 "But my people did not listen to my voice; Israel would not submit to me.81:12 So I gave them over to their stubborn hearts, to follow their own counsels.81:13 Oh, that my people would listen to me, that Israel would walk in my ways!81:14 I would soon subdue their enemies and turn my hand against their foes.


1 Samuel 15:22 And Samuel said,"Has the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to listen than the fat of rams.



Then the Amorites who lived in that hill country came out against you and chased you as bees do and beat you down in Seir as far as Hormah.


Job 41:19 Out of his mouth go flaming torches; sparks of fire leap forth.41:20 Out of his nostrils comes forth smoke, as from a boiling pot and burning rushes.41:21 His breath kindles coals, and a flame comes forth from his mouth.41:22 In his neck abides strength, and terror dances before him.


Isaiah 30:15 For thus said the LORD God, the Holy One of Israel,"In returning and rest you shall be saved; in quietness and in trust shall be your strength." But you were unwilling,30:16 and you said,"No! We will flee upon horses"; therefore you shall flee away; and, "We will ride upon swift steeds"; therefore your pursuers shall be swift.30:17 A thousand shall flee at the threat of one; at the threat of five you shall flee, till you are left like a flagstaff on the top of a mountain, like a signal on a hill.



And you returned and wept before the LORD, but the LORD did not listen to your voice or give ear to you.


Zechariah 7:13 "As I called, and they would not hear, so they called, and I would not hear," says the LORD of hosts,



So you remained at Kadesh many days, the days that you remained there.


Kadesh H6946: The same as קָדֵשׁ H6945; sanctuary ; Kadesh, a place in the Desert. H6945: From קָדַשׁ H6942; a (quasi) sacred person, that is, (technically) a (male) devotee (by prostitution) to licentious idolatry. H6942: A primitive root; to be (causatively make, pronounce or observe as) clean (ceremonially or morally).


Isaiah 1:18 "Come now, let us reason together, says the Lord: though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they are red like crimson, they shall become like wool.


2 Corinthians 10:3 For though we walk in the flesh, we are not waging war according to the flesh.10:4 For the weapons of our warfare are not of the flesh but have divine power to destroy strongholds.10:5 We destroy arguments and every lofty opinion raised against the knowledge of God, and take every thought captive to obey Christ.


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