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Numbers 32:1-15

Numbers 32:1-5

Now the people of Reuben and the people of Gad had a very great number of livestock. And they saw the land of Jazer and the land of Gilead, and behold, the place was a place for livestock. So the people of Gad and the people of Reuben came and said to Moses and to Eleazar the priest and to the chiefs of the congregation, “Ataroth, Dibon, Jazer, Nimrah, Heshbon, Elealeh, Sebam, Nebo, and Beon, the land that the LORD struck down before the congregation of Israel, is a land for livestock, and your servants have livestock.” And they said, “If we have found favor in your sight, let this land be given to your servants for a possession. Do not take us across the Jordan.”

Numbers 32:1-5

Now the people of Reuben and the people of Gad had a very great number of livestock.

Genesis 29:32 And Leah conceived and bore a son, and she called his name Reuben, for she said, "Because the LORD has looked upon my affliction; for now my husband will love me."

Genesis 30:11 And Leah said, "Good fortune has come!" so she called his name Gad.

Livestock H4735: From קָנָה H7069; something bought, that is, property, but only live stock ; abstractly acquisition: - cattle, flock, herd, possession, purchase, substance. H7069: A primitive root; to erect, that is, create ; by extension to procure, especially by purchase (causatively sell); by implication to own.

2 Chronicles 32:27 And Hezekiah had very great riches and honor, and he made for himself treasuries for silver, for gold, for precious stones, for spices, for shields, and for all kinds of costly vessels;32:28 storehouses also for the yield of grain, wine, and oil; and stalls for all kinds of cattle, and sheepfolds.32:29 He likewise provided cities for himself, and flocks and herds in abundance, for God had given him very great possessions.

Matthew 19:21 Jesus said to him,"If you would be perfect, go, sell what you possess and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow me."19:22 When the young man heard this he went away sorrowful, for he had great possessions.

Matthew 6:19 "Do not lay up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy and where thieves break in and steal,6:20 but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust destroys and where thieves do not break in and steal.6:21 For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.

And they saw the land of Jazer and the land of Gilead, and behold, the place was a place for livestock.

Jazer H3270: From עָזַר H5826; helpful. H5826: A primitive root; to surround, that is, protect or aid: - help, succour.

Gilead H1568: Probably from גַּלְעֵד H1567; Gilad, a region East of the Jordan; also the name of three Israelites. H1567: From גַּל H1530 and עֵד H5707; heap of testimony ; Galed, a memorial cairn East of the Jordan.

Joshua 22:10 And when they came to the region of the Jordan that is in the land of Canaan, the people of Reuben and the people of Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh built there an altar by the Jordan, an altar of imposing size.

So the people of Gad and the people of Reuben came and said to Moses and to Eleazar the priest and to the chiefs of the congregation, “Ataroth, Dibon, Jazer, Nimrah, Heshbon, Elealeh, Sebam, Nebo, and Beon,

Some of these names are repeated in verses 34-38, and some names are changed.

“And the people of Gad built Dibon, Ataroth, Aroer, Atroth-shophan, Jazer, Jogbehah, Beth-nimrah and Beth-haran, fortified cities, and folds for sheep. And the people of Reuben built Heshbon, Elealeh, Kiriathaim, Nebo, and Baal-meon (their names were changed), and Sibmah. And they gave other names to the cities that they built.”

Numbers 32:34-38

Ataroth H5852: plural of H5850; Ataroth, the name (thus simply) of two places in Palestine. H5850: from H5849; a crown. H5849: a primitive root; to encircle (for attack or protection); especially to crown (literally or figuratively).

Isaiah 28:1 Ah, the proud crown of the drunkards of Ephraim, and the fading flower of its glorious beauty, which is on the head of the rich valley of those overcome with wine!

Revelation 18:7 As she glorified herself and lived in luxury, so give her a like measure of torment and mourning, since in her heart she says,'I sit as a queen, I am no widow, and mourning I shall never see.'

Dibon H1769: from H1727; pining:— Dibon, the name of three places in Palestine. H1727: a primitive root; to mope, i.e. (figuratively) pine:—sorrow.

Leviticus 26:16 then I will do this to you: I will visit you with panic, with wasting disease and fever that consume the eyes and make the heart ache. And you shall sow your seed in vain, for your enemies shall eat it.

Micah 6:15 You shall sow, but not reap; you shall tread olives, but not anoint yourselves with oil; you shall tread grapes, but not drink wine.

Isaiah 19:8 The fishermen will mourn and lament, all who cast a hook in the Nile; and they will languish who spread nets on the water.

Jeremiah 48:18 "Come down from your glory, and sit on the parched ground, O inhabitant of Dibon! For the destroyer of Moab has come up against you; he has destroyed your strongholds.

Isaiah 15:1 An oracle concerning Moab. Because Ar of Moab is laid waste in a night, Moab is undone; because Kir of Moab is laid waste in a night, Moab is undone.15:2 He has gone up to the temple, and to Dibon, to the high places to weep; over Nebo and over Medeba Moab wails. On every head is baldness; every beard is shorn;15:3 in the streets they wear sackcloth; on the housetops and in the squares everyone wails and melts in tears.15:4 Heshbon and Elealeh cry out; their voice is heard as far as Jahaz; therefore the armed men of Moab cry aloud; his soul trembles.

Jazer H3270: from H5826; helpful; Jaazer or Jazer, a place East of the Jordan. H5826: a primitive root; to surround, i.e. protect or aid.

Isaiah 57:13 When you cry out, let your collection of idols deliver you! The wind will carry them all off, a breath will take them away. But he who takes refuge in me shall possess the land and shall inherit my holy mountain.

Jeremiah 48:32 More than for Jazer I weep for you, O vine of Sibmah! Your branches passed over the sea, reached to the Sea of Jazer; on your summer fruits and your grapes the destroyer has fallen.

Nimrah H5247: from the same as H5246; clear water. H5246: from an unused root meaning properly, to filtrate, i.e. be limpid (comp H5247 and H5249); and thus to spot or stain as if by dripping; a leopard (from its stripes).

Proverbs 9:16 "Whoever is simple, let him turn in here!" And to him who lacks sense she says,9:17 "Stolen water is sweet, and bread eaten in secret is pleasant."9:18 But he does not know that the dead are there, that her guests are in the depths of Sheol.

SongofSongs 4:8 Come with me from Lebanon, my bride; come with me from Lebanon. Depart from the peak of Amana, from the peak of Senir and Hermon, from the dens of lions, from the mountains of leopards.

Heshbon H2809: the same as H2808; Cheshbon, a place East of the Jordan. H2808: from H2803; properly, contrivance; by implication, intelligence. H2803: a primitive root; properly, to plait or interpenetrate, i.e. (literally) to weave or (generally) to fabricate; figuratively, to plot or contrive (usually in a malicious sense); hence (from the mental effort) to think, regard, value, compute.

Jeremiah 48:2 the renown of Moab is no more. In Heshbon they planned disaster against her:'Come, let us cut her off from being a nation!' You also, O Madmen, shall be brought to silence; the sword shall pursue you.

Elealeh H500: from H410 and H5927; God (is) going up.

Psalm 104:29 When you hide your face, they are dismayed; when you take away their breath, they die and return to their dust.

Sebam H7643: probably from H1313; spice; Sebam or Sibmah, a place in Moab. H1313: from an unused root meaning to be fragrant; (compare H5561) the balsam plant:—spice.

Nebo H5015: probably of foreign derivation; Nebo, the name of a Babylonian deity, also of a mountain in Moab, and of a place in Palestine.

Beon H1194: probably a contraction of H1010; Beön, a place East of the Jordan. H1010: from H1004 and H1168 and H4583; house of Baal of (the) habitation of (apparently by transposition); or (shorter).

Deuteronomy 8:19 And if you forget the LORD your God and go after other gods and serve them and worship them, I solemnly warn you today that you shall surely perish.

Jeremiah 9:13 And the LORD says: "Because they have forsaken my law that I set before them, and have not obeyed my voice or walked in accord with it,9:14 but have stubbornly followed their own hearts and have gone after the Baals, as their fathers taught them.

The land that the LORD struck down before the congregation of Israel, is a land for livestock, and your servants have livestock.

Psalm 127:1 Unless the LORD builds the house, those who build it labor in vain. Unless the LORD watches over the city, the watchman stays awake in vain.

“You blind men! For which is greater, the gift or the altar that makes the gift sacred?”

Matthew 23:19

Isaiah 1:3 The ox knows its owner, and the donkey its master's crib, but Israel does not know, my people do not understand."

John 15:5 I am the vine; you are the branches. Whoever abides in me and I in him, he it is that bears much fruit, for apart from me you can do nothing.

And they said, “If we have found favor in your sight, let this land be given to your servants for a possession. Do not take us across the Jordan.”

Deuteronomy 11:26 "See, I am setting before you today a blessing and a curse:11:27 the blessing, if you obey the commandments of the LORD your God, which I command you today,11:28 and the curse, if you do not obey the commandments of the LORD your God, but turn aside from the way that I am commanding you today, to go after other gods that you have not known.11:31 For you are to cross over the Jordan to go in to take possession of the land that the LORD your God is giving you. And when you possess it and live in it,




Numbers 32:6-7

“But Moses said to the people of Gad and to the people of Reuben, “Shall your brothers go to the war while you sit here? Why will you discourage the heart of the people of Israel from going over into the land that the LORD has given them?”

Numbers 32:6-7

Shall your brothers go to the war while you sit here?

Matthew 12:48 But he replied to the man who told him,"Who is my mother, and who are my brothers?"12:49 And stretching out his hand toward his disciples, he said,"Here are my mother and my brothers!12:50 For whoever does the will of my Father in heaven is my brother and sister and mother."

Hebrews 2:11 For he who sanctifies and those who are sanctified all have one source. That is why he is not ashamed to call them brothers,

John 14:1 "Let not your hearts be troubled. Believe in God; believe also in me.14:2 In my Father's house are many rooms. If it were not so, would I have told you that I go to prepare a place for you?14:3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and will take you to myself, that where I am you may be also.14:4 And you know the way to where I am going."14:31 but I do as the Father has commanded me, so that the world may know that I love the Father. Rise, let us go from here.

Why will you discourage the heart of the people of Israel from going over into the land that the LORD has given them?

Hebrews 10:36 For you have need of endurance, so that when you have done the will of God you may receive what is promised.10:37 For,"Yet a little while, and the coming one will come and will not delay;10:38 but my righteous one shall live by faith, and if he shrinks back, my soul has no pleasure in him."



Numbers 32:8-9

“Your fathers did this, when I sent them from Kadesh-barnea to see the land. For when they went up to the Valley of Eshcol and saw the land, they discouraged the heart of the people of Israel from going into the land that the LORD had given them.”

Numbers 32:8-9

Your fathers did this,

Jeremiah 11:10 They have turned back to the iniquities of their forefathers, who refused to hear my words. They have gone after other gods to serve them. The house of Israel and the house of Judah have broken my covenant that I made with their fathers.

when I sent them from Kadesh-barnea to see the land.

Numbers 13:17 Moses sent them to spy out the land of Canaan and said to them, "Go up into the Negeb and go up into the hill country,

Kadesh-barnea H6947: From the same as קָדֵשׁ H6946 and an otherwise unused word (apparently compounded of a correspondent to בַּר H1251 and a derivative of נוּעַ H5128) meaning desert of a fugitive ; Kadesh of (the) Wilderness of Wandering ; Kadesh-Barnea, a place in the Desert. H6946: The same as קָדֵשׁ H6945; sanctuary ; Kadesh, a place in the Desert. H6945: From קָדַשׁ H6942; a (quasi) sacred person, that is, (technically) a (male) devotee (by prostitution) to licentious idolatry: - sodomite, unclean. H6942: A primitive root; to be (causatively make, pronounce or observe as) clean (ceremonially or morally).

Negeb H5045: From an unused root meaning to be parched ; the south (from its drought); specifically the negeb or southern district of Judah, occasionally, Egypt (as south to Palestine).

Genesis 19:28 And he looked down toward Sodom and Gomorrah and toward all the land of the valley, and he looked and, behold, the smoke of the land went up like the smoke of a furnace.

Hill country H2022: A shortened form of הָרָר H2042; a mountain or range of hills (sometimes used figuratively). H2042: From an unused root meaning to loom up; a mountain.

Genesis 19:17 And as they brought them out, one said, "Escape for your life. Do not look back or stop anywhere in the valley. Escape to the hills, lest you be swept away."

Psalm 24:3 Who shall ascend the hill of the LORD? And who shall stand in his holy place?

For when they went up to the Valley of Eshcol and saw the land,

Eshcol H812: The same as אֶשְׁכּוֹל H811; Eshcol, the name of an Amorite, also of a valley in Palestine. H811: Probably prolonged from אֶשֶׁךְ H810; a bunch of grapes or other fruit. H810: From an unused root (probably meaning to bunch together); a testicle (as a lump): - stone.

Numbers 13:23 And they came to the Valley of Eshcol and cut down from there a branch with a single cluster of grapes, and they carried it on a pole between two of them; they also brought some pomegranates and figs.13:24 That place was called the Valley of Eshcol, because of the cluster that the people of Israel cut down from there.

John 15:1 I am the true vine, and my Father is the vinedresser.15:2 Every branch in me that does not bear fruit he takes away, and every branch that does bear fruit he prunes, that it may bear more fruit.

Isaiah 5:1 Let me sing for my beloved my love song concerning his vineyard: My beloved had a vineyard on a very fertile hill.5:2 He dug it and cleared it of stones, and planted it with choice vines; he built a watchtower in the midst of it, and hewed out a wine vat in it; and he looked for it to yield grapes, but it yielded wild grapes.5:4 What more was there to do for my vineyard, that I have not done in it? When I looked for it to yield grapes, why did it yield wild grapes? 5:5 And now I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard. I will remove its hedge, and it shall be devoured; I will break down its wall, and it shall be trampled down. 5:7 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah are his pleasant planting; and he looked for justice, but behold, bloodshed; for righteousness, but behold, an outcry!

Isaiah 28:1 Ah, the proud crown of the drunkards of Ephraim, and the fading flower of its glorious beauty, which is on the head of the rich valley of those overcome with wine!28:4 and the fading flower of its glorious beauty, which is on the head of the rich valley, will be like a first-ripe fig before the summer: when someone sees it, he swallows it as soon as it is in his hand.

they discouraged the heart of the people of Israel from going into the land that the LORD had given them.

“Therefore all hands will be feeble, and every human heart will melt.”

Isaiah 13:7




Numbers 32:10-12

“And the LORD’s anger was kindled on that day, and he swore, saying, ‘Surely none of the men who came up out of Egypt, from twenty years old and upward, shall see the land that I swore to give to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, because they have not wholly followed me, none except Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite and Joshua the son of Nun, for they have wholly followed the LORD.’”

Numbers 32:10-12

And the LORD’s anger was kindled on that day,

Psalm 102:19 that he looked down from his holy height; from heaven the LORD looked at the earth,

Psalm 14:2 The LORD looks down from heaven on the children of man, to see if there are any who understand, who seek after God.14:3 They have all turned aside; together they have become corrupt; there is none who does good, not even one.

the men who came up out of Egypt,

1 John 4:5 They are from the world; therefore they speak from the world, and the world listens to them.

from twenty years old and upward,

Psalm 8:2 Out of the mouth of babies and infants, you have established strength because of your foes, to still the enemy and the avenger.

none of the men…shall see the land that I swore to give to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob,

Isaiah 6:9 And he said, "Go, and say to this people:"'Keep on hearing, but do not understand; keep on seeing, but do not perceive.'6:10 Make the heart of this people dull, and their ears heavy, and blind their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their hearts, and turn and be healed."

because they have not wholly followed me, none except Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite and Joshua the son of Nun, for they have wholly followed the LORD.

Ephesians 4:20 But that is not the way you learned Christ!—4:21 assuming that you have heard about him and were taught in him, as the truth is in Jesus,4:22 to put off your old self, which belongs to your former manner of life and is corrupt through deceitful desires,4:23 and to be renewed in the spirit of your minds,4:24 and to put on the new self, created after the likeness of God in true righteousness and holiness.



Numbers 32:13-15

“And the LORD’s anger was kindled against Israel, and he made them wander in the wilderness forty years, until all the generation that had done evil in the sight of the LORD was gone. And behold, you have risen in your fathers’ place, a brood of sinful men, to increase still more the fierce anger of the LORD against Israel! For if you turn away from following him, he will again abandon them in the wilderness, and you will destroy all this people.””

Numbers 32:13-15

And the LORD’s anger was kindled against Israel, and he made them wander in the wilderness forty years, until all the generation that had done evil in the sight of the LORD was gone.

Hebrews 10:31 It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

Proverbs 9:10 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom, and the knowledge of the Holy One is insight.

And behold, you have risen in your fathers’ place, a brood of sinful men, to increase still more the fierce anger of the LORD against Israel!

Hebrews 10:26 For if we go on sinning deliberately after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins,

For if you turn away from following him, he will again abandon them in the wilderness, and you will destroy all this people.

“but whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in me to sin, it would be better for him to have a great millstone fastened around his neck and to be drowned in the depth of the sea. “Woe to the world for temptations to sin! For it is necessary that temptations come, but woe to the one by whom the temptation comes!”

Matthew 18:6-7




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